By Shannon H. Wilson
The motto of Berea collage is "God has made from one blood all peoples of the earth," a word underlying Berea's 150-year dedication to egalitarian schooling. the 1st interracial and coeducational undergraduate establishment within the South, Berea collage is celebrated for its challenge to supply scholars the chance to paintings in trade for a tuition-free caliber schooling. The founders believed that participation in handbook exertions blurred differences of sophistication; mixed with learn and rest, it helped enhance autonomous, industrious, and leading edge graduates dedicated to serving their groups. those values nonetheless carry this present day as Berea keeps its mythical dedication to equality, range, and cultural protection and, whilst, expands its venture to incorporate twenty-first-century matters, comparable to ecological sustainability. In Berea university: An Illustrated heritage, Shannon H. Wilson unfolds the saga of 1 of Kentucky's so much uncommon associations of upper schooling, centering his narrative at the 8 presidents who've served Berea. The college's founder, John G. price, was once a staunch abolitionist and believer in Christian egalitarianism who sought to construct a school that "would be to Kentucky what Oberlin was once to Ohio, antislavery, anti-caste, anti-rum, anti-sin." certainly, the relationship to Oberlin is obvious within the college's abolitionist roots and dedication to education African American academics, preachers, and commercial leaders. Black and white scholars lived, labored, and studied jointly in interracial dorms and school rooms; the level of Berea's reformist dedication is most obvious in an 1872 coverage permitting interracial courting and intermarriage between its pupil physique. even if the ratio of black to white scholars was once approximately equivalent within the college's first two decades, this early dedication to the schooling of African americans was once shattered in 1904, while the Day legislation prohibited the races from attending tuition jointly. Berea fought the legislations until eventually it misplaced within the U.S. perfect court docket in 1908 yet later again to its dedication to interracial schooling in 1950, whilst it grew to become the 1st undergraduate university in Kentucky to confess African american citizens. Berea's 3rd president, William Goodell Frost, shifted consciousness towards "Appalachian the USA" throughout the period in-between, and this challenge to arrive out to Appalachians keeps at the present time. Wilson additionally chronicles the production of Berea's many designated courses designed to serve women and men in Kentucky and past. a college extension application carried Berea's academic possibilities into mountain groups. Later, the recent chance college for ladies used to be arrange to aid grownup girls go back to the activity marketplace by way of delivering them profession workshops, activity event on campus, and academic and cultural enrichment possibilities. extra lately, the school built the Black Mountain formative years management software, designed to lessen the isolation of African american citizens in Appalachia and inspire cultural literacy, educational success, and group provider. Berea university explores the tradition and historical past of 1 of America's most unusual associations of upper studying. Complemented through greater than a hundred and eighty historical photos, Wilson's narrative files Berea's majestic and encouraging tale.
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Extra resources for Berea College: An Illustrated History
Writing to the trustees in 1879, Professor LeVant Dodge rejoiced in the religious awakening of students, concluding that this “one work . . ”11 Bruce Hunting, principal of the Preparatory Department, reported that the teachers in his department were earnest Christians who were not only competent teachers but a powerful moral inﬂuence. ”13 In addition to their comments on teaching and curricular development, teachers’ reports included disciplinary decisions. Problems of violence, possession of guns and knives, lying, intoxication, and immorality were handled swiftly and decisively.
Wheeler, William N. Embree, A. J. Hanson, and John Preston. Two of Fee’s Camp Nelson associates, the Reverend Abisha Scoﬁeld and the Reverend Gabriel Burdette, also joined the new board. Gabriel Burdette was Berea’s ﬁrst black trustee and served Berea until 1868. Morgan Burdette, Henderson, Preston, and Harrison were from the Appalachian region and local men. A. J. Hanson was John Hanson’s brother, and both men were Fee’s cousins. William Embree was Elizabeth Rogers’s brother and Fee’s son-in-law, Embree having married Laura Fee.
Runkle, an assistant commissioner for the t h e w i t n e s s t o i m p a r t i a l l o v e 29 John Hanson’s sawmill provided lumber for Berea’s early classroom buildings and employment for students. An earlier sawmill was burned by a mob shortly after Hanson was exiled with the other founders in the winter of 1859. Freedmen’s Bureau in Kentucky, observed a chapel service that he described as “one of the most singular sights I ever witnessed . . ” The students generally were poor, lived upon very little, and worked to meet their expenses.
Berea College: An Illustrated History by Shannon H. Wilson