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By National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable

ISBN-10: 0309042496

ISBN-13: 9780309042499

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Additional info for Academic Research Enterprise Within the Industrialized Nations: Comparative Perspectives

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Agencies that supported Little Science through modest, short-term grants—ONR, NIH, and later the National Science Foundation (NSF)—distributed their funds fairly widely, even considering the concentration of research talent. Elsewhere, however, the system was characterized by quasi-permanent relationships between large university laboratories (and especially FFRDCs) and their mission-agency patrons. These latter relationships accounted for the vast bulk of funds. There was a fair degree of pluralism in the postwar research economy if one took into account the several federal patrons; however, the funding possibilities for individual fields were often quite circumscribed.

2. B. M. Kelley, Yale: A History, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974; E. D. , Colleges for Our Land and Time: The Land-Grant Idea in American Education, New York: Harper, 1957; M. Bishop, A History of Cornell, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1962. 3. H. Hawkins, Pioneer: a History of the Johns Hopkins University, 1874–1889, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1960; C. W. Eliot, “Liberty in Education,” American Higher Education: a Documentary History, edited by R. Hofstadter and W. ) Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961, p.

Geiger, To Advance Knowledge: the Growth of American Research Universities, 1900–1940, New York: Oxford University Press, 1986; E. E. Slosson, Great American Universities. New York: Macmillan, 1910. 7. The classic account remains L. R. Veysey, The Emergence of the American University, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965. 8. Geiger, To Advance Knowledge, pp. 67–93. 9. The material in this section draws chiefly upon Geiger, To Advance Knowledge. 10. J. Bulmer and M. Bulmer, “Philanthropy and Social Science in the 1920s: Beardsley Ruml and the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial, 1922–1929,” Minerva, Vol.

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Academic Research Enterprise Within the Industrialized Nations: Comparative Perspectives by National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable


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