Download e-book for kindle: A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian by C.L. Sheng

By C.L. Sheng

ISBN-10: 9401054088

ISBN-13: 9789401054089

ISBN-10: 9401131929

ISBN-13: 9789401131926

1.1 Utilitarian Theories This booklet is a monograph on ethical philosophy and social philosophy, rather the a part of the philosophy of economics that's regarding the final distribution challenge. It provides a complete moral concept, including an program of the speculation to distributive justice. the perspective of this idea is utilitarian. in spite of the fact that, this concept is various in a few the most important issues, in addition to in minor information, from all current kinds of utilitarianism. ethical philosophy offers basically with the ethical judgment of activities, i. e., even if an ethical motion is correct or unsuitable, reliable or undesirable. The judgment is mostly in line with a line of logical reasoning, which are traced to a last cause referred to as the justification or final precept. a moral thought is a self-consistent approach equipped upon a easy, or final, precept. An final precept can by no means be conscientiously confirmed, and isn't specified. varied philosophers determine diverse moral theories upon diversified ideas. accordingly, within the heritage of improvement of ethical philosophy, there were a good number of moral theories and colleges. Even wi skinny a similar university having a similar final precept, varied philosophers could have assorted types of the speculation, as a result of small adaptations within the interpretation of the last word precept or within the elaboration of the details.

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Additional info for A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian Theory and Its Application to Distributive Justice

Example text

On the other hand, social philosophy, especially the philosophy of economics, deals with the well-being or utility for a number of persons, groups of people, or all members of society. Almost every piece of legislation, every social choice, or every public project affects basic human rights, justice, equality and the distribution of benefits and burdens, to some extent. Therefore, it is in social philosophy that a rigorous quantitative analysis is required. Studies in decision theory, especially in utility and utility functions, precisely serve to meet this requirement of quantitative analysis in social philosophy.

Fourth, as discussed above, a personal action involves little, if any, distribution problem, whereas a public action, either alone or in conjunction with other public actions, very often involves a distribution or redistribution problem. The problem of distributive justice affects some public actions just as a problem of morality affects some personal actions. In fact the general distribution problem of income and/or wealth is related exclusively to public actions and is a subarea of social philosophy having little to do with personal ethics.

7. (Oxford: Clarendon 27. C. L. Sheng, "Constraints on Utilitarian Prescription for Actions," Theory and Decision, Vol. 23 (1987), pp. 301-316. Group 28. Derek Parfit, Reasons and Persons (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984). 29. Peter Singer, "Not for Humans Only: The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues," in Ethics and Problems of the 21st Century, ed. K. E. Goodpaster and K. M. Sayre (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979), pp. 191-206. 30. A. K. Sen, "Rawls versus Bentham: An Axiomatic Examination of the 35 Introduction Pure Distribution Problem," in Reading Rawls: Critical Studies of A Theory of Justice, ed.

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A New Approach to Utilitarianism: A Unified Utilitarian Theory and Its Application to Distributive Justice by C.L. Sheng


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