Read e-book online 30-Second Quantum Theory: The 50 Most Thought-Provoking PDF

By Brian Clegg (ed.)

ISBN-10: 1848317441

ISBN-13: 9781848317444

The bestselling 30-Second... sequence takes a innovative method of studying approximately these matters you are feeling you need to rather comprehend. each one identify selects a well-liked subject and dissects it into the 50 most important rules at its middle. each one notion, regardless of how complicated, is defined in three hundred phrases and one photo, all digestible in 30 seconds. 30-Second Quantum concept tackles a mindbendingly mysterious sector of physics, introducing the 50 most important quantum quandaries and ideas. In a global the place the quantum physics of electronics is a daily crucial and new quantum advancements make headline information, you are going to stopover at Parallel Worlds, trip Wave idea, and study barely enough to speak with simple task approximately Uncertainty conception and to untangle the mysteries of quantum entanglement.

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Additional info for 30-Second Quantum Theory: The 50 Most Thought-Provoking Quantum Concepts, Each Explained in Half a Minute

Sample text

Wavefunction In quantum physics, the wavefunction is a mathematical formula that describes the behaviour of a quantum state of the particle, which evolves over time according to the Schrödinger wave equation. The wave in question, which spreads out over time, does not describe the particle itself, but rather the probability of a quantum state having a particular value – so, for instance, it can describe the probability of finding a particle in different locations. The probability is given by the square of the wavefunction.

In the mid-1930s, Bohr extended Carl von Weizsäcker’s ‘liquid drop’ model of the nucleus, which treats the protons and the then newly discovered neutrons as an incompressible fluid, providing predictions on the binding energy of the nucleus that would be valuable to the team who discovered nuclear fission. By the mid-1940s, Bohr, whose mother was Jewish, was at risk in Nazi-occupied Denmark and he was forced to make his home in the UK and then the United States. Shy and sometimes diffucult to understand, Bohr inspired a generation of students to take further strides in physics.

RELATED THEORIES SCHRÖDINGER’S CAT COLLAPSING WAVEFUNCTIONS 3-SECOND BIOGRAPHIES HEINZ-DIETER ZEH 1932– German physicist who in 1970 identified the origin of decoherence WOJCIECH ZUREK 1951– Polish-American physicist who explained how decoherence ‘selects’ a few classical properties from the palette of possible quantum states 30-SECOND TEXT Philip Ball Quantum particles have superposed states, but decoherence ensures that everyday items stay firmly classical. THE PHYSICS OF LIGHT & MATTER THE PHYSICS OF LIGHT & MATTER GLOSSARY antimatter British physicist Paul Dirac predicted that the electron should have an equivalent with a positive charge, later called a positron.

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30-Second Quantum Theory: The 50 Most Thought-Provoking Quantum Concepts, Each Explained in Half a Minute by Brian Clegg (ed.)

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